• 1000s

    During the 10th – 11th century the technology of the iranian origin qanat is transferred to the Timimoun region of Tunisia. The first foggaras start to be constructed in the region to adress the lack of rainfall.

  • The development and spread of foggaras throughout the region of Timimoun helped install and maintain an oasis for many centuries.

  • 1950s

    The use of the foggaras start to decline due to technical, social, and environmental causes.

  • 2000s

    The last inventory conducted between 1998 and 2001 by the National Agency of Water Resources (NAWR) gave a number of 250 foggaras in use throughout the region of Timimoun. This number will be lowered, because each year, one to two foggaras on average are abandoned.

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